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Polar bear
(Ursus maritimus)
walrus
Description
They have a large and stocky body, an elongated neck and their heads are relatively smaller than the heads of other bears species. Their pelage generally has a white appearance, but it can be yellowish in the summer due to oxidation or may even appear brown or gray, depending on the season and light conditions. They have black skin and the fur is actually clear, lacking in pigment. The white appearance is the result of light being refracted from the clear hair strands. Their forepaws are broad and make excellent paddles while swimming.
Dimensions
Adults can reach 8 ft in length from tip of nose to tip of tail, and can measure 5 ft on height at the shoulder. Males weigh between 660 to 1,760 lbs. Females are smaller, weighing from 330 to 660 lbs, and measuring 5 to 6 ft in length.
Diet
They are carnivores. They eat seals, walruses, sea birds and their eggs, small mammals, fish and scavenge on carrion of seals, walruses, or whales. In the summer, they may consume some vegetation.
Habitat & Range
Their preferred habitat is the pack ice of the Arctic Ocean. They can be found in Alaska.
Conservation status
THIS SPECIES IS LISTED AS VULNERABLE

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© 2014 Oswaldo Rosales
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