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buttom

Brown Pelican
(Pelecanus occidentalis)
walrus
Description
This species has a very large bill, 11 to 13.7 in long, with a gular (located on the throat) pouch for draining water when it scoops out prey. Their heads are white but often get a yellowish wash in adult birds. They have grayish bills, overall in most birds, though breeding birds become reddish on the underside of the throat. Their back, rump, and tails are streaked with gray and dark brown, sometimes with a rusty hue. In adult pelicans the breast and belly are a blackish-brown and the legs and feet are black.
Dimensions
They grow from 42 to 54 inches in length, with a wingspan from 6.0 to 8.2 ft., and weigh from 6.1 to 12 lb.
Diet
They are carnivores, primarily feeding on fish but also small marine invertebrates. They are the only pelicans that dive for their food.
Habitat & Range
They inhabit in warm coastal waters or marine estuaries during the non-breeding season. They can be found Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Alabama, Texas, and California. They are strictly coastal, rarely living more than 20 miles or 32 km from the shoreline.
Conservation status
THIS SPECIES IS LISTED AS LEAST CONCERN

buttom

 

© 2014 Oswaldo Rosales
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