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American bison
(Bison bison)
american bison
Description
This is the largest land animal in North America. They have long shaggy brown fur, a mane, beard under its chin and a long tail with a tuft of hair at the end. The brown wooly pelage is thickest around the neck, extending onto the shoulders and back in males. The heads and forequarters are massive, and both sexes have short, curved horns, which they use in fighting for status within the herd and for defense. Bison are nomadic grazers and travel in herds.
Dimensions
Male head-and-body length ranges from 6.6 to 11 ft long, the tail adding 12 to 36 in. Bison can stand 6 ft from hoof to shoulder and weigh between 1,000 to 2,000 lb. Females are around 5 ft tall and weigh between 800 to 1,000 lb.
Diet
They are grazers. Their diet is made up of mostly grasses and sedges. Occasionally they eat berries and lichen.
Habitat & Range
American bison live in river valleys, prairies and plains. Their typical habitats are semi-arid lands, shrublands and open or semi-open grasslands. They can be found in the Rocky Mountains, western Canada, Alaska.
Conservation status
THIS SPECIES IS LISTED AS NEAR THREATENED

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© 2014 Oswaldo Rosales
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